A sprained ankle happens when the ligaments of the ankle stretch or tear. The amount of damage to the ligaments at the ankle determines the severity; hence the level of injury.
Sprains are minor injuries which may or may not require surgery. You can get this sprain from stepping in a hole, turning or moving too fast, putting your body’s weight on your foot awkwardly or even tripping on the stairs. The first thing that makes you notice the sprain is the pain. The area around the ankle also swells and is tender to touch.
The Severity Levels of An Ankle Sprain:
A sprain is defined as Grade 1 if the ligaments are stretched but not torn. A Grade 2 sprain occurs when some of the ligaments are torn, but not necessarily severed. When the ligaments of the ankle tear completely, this is called a Grade 3 sprain.
When you see a doctor, they will perform some exercises on the ankle. He will gently move the ankle in different directions and press around the ankle to determine which ligaments are damaged.
In Grade 2 sprain, there is abnormal looseness of the ankle when moved in various directions. Imaging tests such as X-ray and MRI (in severe cases) are run on the ankle to determine: whether it is a sprain or a fracture and to determine the stability the ligament provides.
Treatment For A Grade 2 Ankle Sprain:
The RICE protocol is the home treatment combination for the injury. RICE entails getting enough Rest to reduce swelling of the ankle, application of Ice for half an hour three to four times a day, Compression dressing and bandages to immobilize the ankle and Elevating your ankle to the level of your heart.
Some sprains need other treatment in addition to the RICE protocol. These include using crutches to walk, physical therapy to prevent stiffness of the ankle and to support your ankle with a cast-boot. Anti-inflammatory drugs are useful in reducing the swelling.
Grade 2 sprain fall in the realm of usually requiring a brace or boot plus the RICE method for healing. Since you’ve actually torn the ligament, it needs proper and ample time to heal otherwise you could make the injury worse.
The Best Ways To Avoid A Grade 2 Sprain:
There are ways we can use to avoid the occurrence of these and other sprains. They include warming up before exercise or participating in a sport, paying careful attention when walking or running on an uneven surface and wearing shoes which are suitable for the planned activities. You are also advised to stop activities when you feel pain on your ankle to avoid causing further damage.
Not only are these warms up good for minimizing ankle sprains, they are actually great for reducing the risk of several foot injuries.
We hope you liked our little recap of grade 2 ankle sprains. If you have questions or concerns, please consult with a professional. We are only here as a resource and cannot replace a medical professionals opinion. Thanks!